CSAAM 2012 Tweets | April 13

  • Wake up and Be Aware – Message from Tulir http://wp.me/p1pP52-fe
  • Our today’s twitter topic to create awareness on CSA is Female genital mutilation or FGM. #CSAAM
  • Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision #CSAAM
  • FGM is typically carried out on girls from a few days old to puberty. #FGM #CSAAM
  • It may take place in a hospital, but is usually performed, without anesthesia, by a traditional circumciser using a knife, razor, or scissors
  • According to the WHO, it is practiced in 28 countries in western, eastern, and north-eastern Africa, parts of the ME #CSAAM
  • Also FGM is known to be followed in some immigrant communities in Europe, North America, and Australasia #CSAAM
  • The WHO estimates that 100–140 million women and girls around the world have experienced the procedure, including 92 million in Africa
    • Next few tweets are about the classification of FGM as offered by WHO #CSAAM
  • Type I – removal of the clitoral hood, almost invariably accompanied by removal of the clitoris itself (clitoridectomy) #CSAAM
  • Type II – removal of the clitoris and inner labia #CSAAM
  • Type III-removal of all/part of inner & outer labia, and clitoris, and fusion of the wound, leaving a small hole for urine & menstrual blood
  • Misc acts categorized as Type IV-symbolic pricking or piercing of the clitoris or labia, cauterization of clitoris, cutting vagina to widen it
  • Opposition to FGM focuses on human rights violations, lack of informed consent, and health risks #CSAAM
  • Since 1979, there have been concerted efforts by international bodies to end the practice #CSAAM
  • The UN sponsors the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation, held each February 6 since 2003 #CSAAM
  • Practitioners of FMG consider it as an essential part of raising a girl properly-girls r regarded cleansed by removal of “male” body parts
  • It ensures pre-marital virginity and inhibits extra-marital sex, because it reduces women’s libido #CSAAM
  • Women fear the pain of re-opening the vagina, and are afraid of being discovered if it is opened illicitly #CSAAM
  • While individual Muslims, Christians, and Jews practise FGM,[21] it is not a requirement of any religious observance #CSAAM
  • FGM is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. #CSAAM
  • It is nearly always carried out on minors and is a violation of the rights of children. #CSAAM
  • It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women #CSAAM
  • Practice violates a child’s rights to health, security & physical integrity, the right to be free from torture, cruel, inhuman, degrading treatment
  • FGM has no health benefits, and it harms girls and women in many ways #CSAAM
  • It involves removing &damaging healthy & normal female genital tissue, and interferes with the natural functions of girls’ and women’s bodies.
  • Immediate complications can include severe pain,shock,haemorrhage, tetanus or sepsis,urine retention. #CSAAM
  • Where FGM is a social convention, the pressure to conform to what others do & have been doing is a strong motivation to perpetuate practice
  • FGM is often considered a necessary part of raising a girl properly, and a way to prepare her for adulthood and marriage.
  • The causes of female genital mutilation include a mix of cultural, religious and social factors within families and communities.
  • FGM is motivated by beliefs abt what is considered proper sexual behaviour, linking procedures to premarital virginity and marital fidelity
  • FGM is in many communities believed to reduce a woman’s libido and therefore believed to help her resist “illicit” sexual acts.
  • FMG is associated wid cultural ideals of femininity,modesty,the notion that girls r “clean beautiful” aft removal “male unclean body-parts”
  • FMG is associated wid cultural ideals of femininity,modesty,the notion that girls r “clean beautiful” aft removal “male unclean body-parts”
  • Though no religious scripts prescribe the practice, practitioners often believe the practice has religious support. #CSAAM
  • Religious leaders take varying stand with regard to FGM: some promote it, some consider it irrelevant, others contribute to its elimination
  • Local structures of power & authority, such as community leaders, religious leaders, and medical personnel can contribute to upholding practice.
  • In most societies, FGM is considered a cultural tradition, which is often used as an argument for its continuation.#CSAAM
  • We will now be tweeting about some more beliefs that lead to FGM and try and justify it. Please do add if you have knowledge about the same
  • Some societies view clitoris and labia as male part and hence remove these parts to enhance feminity of the girl #CSAAM
  • Some societies believe that unless the girl has undergone these process she is unclean and is not allowed to handle food and water. #CSAAM
  • Another belief is that unmutilated female will not be able to conceive #CSAAM
  • Prevents vaginal cancer #FGM #Belief #Myth #CSAAM
  • Unmodified clitoris can lead to lesbianism #FGM #Belief #Myth #CSAAM
  • British girls undergo horror of genital mutilation despite tough laws http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/jul/25/female-circumcision-children-british-law #FGM #CSAAM
  • Another extreme form of torture young girls suffer in some parts of the world is – Breast ironing. #CSAAM
  • Breast ironing is pounding & massaging of pubescent girl’s breasts using heated object in an attempt to make them stop developing or disappear
  • It is typically carried out by the girl’s mother in an attempt to protect the girl from sexual harassment and rape. #BreastIroning #CSAAM
  • It is practiced in parts of Cameroon,where men may think that girls whose breasts have begun to grow are ready for sex #CSAAM #BreastIroning
  • The most widely used implement for #BreastIroning is a wooden pestle normally used for pounding tubers #CSAAM
  • Other tools used include bananas, coconut shells, grinding stones, ladles, spatulas, and hammers heated over coals. #BreastIroning #CSAAM
  • Breast ironing is extremely painful, causes tissue damage. Medical experts warn it might contribute toward breast cancer, cysts and depression
  • A video – Parent Speak on CSA Awareness http://wp.me/p1pP52-l4
  • An old article on #BreastIroning #CSAAM <Viewer discreation advised> http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/07/23/teenage-girls-undergo-bre_n_656965.html
  • Message from Arpan 2012 | 13 http://wp.me/p1pP52-kF
  • “In Rape Culture, we understand that if the rapist was living alone, away from his native place, he could lose contr… http://wp.me/p1pP52-gt
  • CSA In The News – April 13 http://wp.me/p1pP52-lU
  • I survived to tell the tale: Abuse is NOT love! by Tejaswini Pagadala http://wp.me/p1pP52-kK